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Sudan is the largest country in Africa[2] and tenth largest country in the world by area. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest.

The Nile and its tributaries dominate Africa’s largest country in land area, Sudan, with mountains rising along its Red Sea coast and along the western border with Chad. Sudan's name in Arabic means "land of the blacks."

The climate varies from desert conditions in the north to tropical in the south. Cotton, sesame, and sugar production is concentrated in close proximity to the Nile River, and its many tributaries.

Sudan's land is made up of plains and deserts; it has large areas of arable land, significant gold deposits and massive oil reserves.

Agricultural production -- such as cotton and peanuts cultivation -- employs 80 percent of the workforce and contributes 39 percent of the gross domestic product

The Flag
Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist side.

The flag reflects the Pan-Arab colours, which was first adopted by Syria in March 1920, and last by Sudan, which officially hoisted it on the 20th May 1970.

The red colour stands for the struggles and for martyrs in the Sudan and the great Arab land.

WHITE: The white colour stands for peace, optimism, light and love.

BLACK: The black colour symbolizes the Sudan and the mahdija revolution during which a black flag was used.

GREEN: The green colour represents and symbolizes Islamic prosperity and agriculture.

Did you know all this before today?

Did you know that Sudan was home to some of the oldest civilisations known to man? The ancient kingdoms of Kush, Nubia and Meroe all flourished in the area, which is now modern day Sudan?

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